Medieval Flags and Banners


Frequently confused with the Gonfalon.

The gonfanon is flown from a vertical staff and has tails on the fly. The difference between a gonfanon with long tails and a standard is that a gonfanon displays the device on the non-tailed area, and the standard displays badges down the whole length of the flag.

Definition from The Oxford English Dictionary.

Christ holding a red banner. 1100?

Charlemagne giving Roland a red gonfanon.

Seals of the landgrave Conrad II of Thuringia, about 1234. Banner and gonfanon.

This page created: Aug. 12, 1996